Impairments Covered by Veterans Disability Benefits

Veterans Disability Benefits: Eligible Conditions

Approximately 3.5 million U.S. veterans report having a disability that prevents them from gaining meaningful employment and diminishes their quality of life.

Unfortunately, many disabled veterans aren’t aware that they may be eligible for veterans disability benefits.

Tennessee disability attorney Michael Hartup is dedicated to helping disabled veterans get the financial assistance they need and deserve.

If you need help applying for veterans disability benefits or appealing a denied claim, please call us today at 731-513-5282 or contact us online for a free consultation. We welcome clients from the greater Jackson, Tennessee, area.

Who Can Receive Veterans Disability Benefits?

Veterans disability benefits are administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and consist of tax-free monthly payments to veterans who became disabled due to service-related injuries or illnesses.

Disability benefits are also available to veterans who suffer from a pre-existing condition that was made worse by their military service.

The VA’s disability programs cover a broad range of injuries, illnesses and mental health disorders.

There are different types of veterans disability benefits, and eligibility varies based on the specific type of benefits sought.

However, to receive any VA disability benefits you must meet both of the following requirements:

  • You must have served on active duty, active duty training, or inactive duty training
  • Your service-connected injury or illness must have received a disability rating from the VA

Along with meeting each of the above requirements, one of the following statements must also be true:

  • You became sick or injured during your service and can link this condition to your military service
  • You had a pre-service injury or illness that was made worse by your military service
  • You were diagnosed with an injury or illness after your service that was related to your active-duty service

The VA’s disability benefits programs cover a wide variety of physical and mental conditions. Qualification for benefits is based on a number of factors, including the numerical disability rating assigned by the VA, your financial needs, and your time of service.

Disabilities Covered by VA Benefits

Below is a list of categories of injuries, illnesses, and disorders currently covered by VA disability benefits programs. It’s important to note that applicants are required to have their conditions evaluated by VA medical professionals before benefits approval is granted.

Not all qualifying injuries and illnesses are posted here, and the VA regularly updates its list of eligible conditions.


Eligibility for various cancers is evaluated based on the origin of cancer, the extent of involvement, treatment availability, and the effects of any post-therapeutic efforts.

Eligible forms of cancer include but are not limited to:

  • Lymphoma
  • Leukemia
  • Breast cancer
  • Brain and spinal cord cancers
  • Prostate cancer
  • Melanoma

Cardiovascular Conditions

Veterans can be awarded service-connected disability compensation for various cardiovascular conditions. This is a broad category covering heart function and the circulatory system, which includes arteries, veins, capillaries, and lymphatic drainage.

Eligible disorders include:

  • Chronic heart failure (must include both systolic and diastolic failures to qualify)
  • Ischemic heart disease (reduced blood flow to the heart)
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Recurrent arrhythmias (deviations from normal rhythm or beating of the heart)
  • Heart transplant

Dermatological Conditions

Exposure to environmental hazards while on active duty may lead to skin disorders, with many veterans suffering lasting dermatological effects from skin injuries and burns. Skin disorders in veterans are evaluated based on the extent of skin lesions, the frequency with which they occur, how symptoms limit a person’s day-to-day functionality, and available treatment. In most cases, the skin disorder must persist for at least three months despite treatment or medication.

Eligible skin disorders include:

  • Ichthyosis (dry, scaly, or thickened skin)
  • Bullous disease (large, fluid-filled blisters)
  • Chronic infections of the skin or mucous membranes
  • Dermatitis
  • Genetic photosensitivity disorders
  • Burn-related skin lesions expected to last no less than 12 months

Gastrointestinal Disorders

There are numerous gastrointestinal problems for which service-connected benefits may be obtained. This category covers the digestive system, including the esophagus, gallbladder, stomach, and intestines.

Eligible disorders in this category include:

  • Cholecystectomy
  • Colitis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Esophageal spasm
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Hiatal hernia 
  • Hepatitis
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Diverticular disease
  • Cirrhosis
  • Infectious intestinal disorders

Infectious Diseases

The VA has recognized the enormity of health risks involved with service in certain parts of the world and has identified a number of infectious diseases that may be service-connected.

These diseases include:

  • Brucellosis
  • Campylobacter jejuni
  • Coxiella burnettii (Q fever)
  • Malaria
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Nontyphoid salmonella
  • Shigella
  • Visceral leishmaniasis
  • West Nile virus

Mental Disorders

Nearly 1 in 4 active-duty U.S. Army personnel showed signs of a mental health condition following their military service, according to recent research published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common mental disorders among U.S. veterans of all branches.

Other eligible mental health conditions include:

  • Psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia
  • Clinical depression
  • Bipolar and other mood-related disorders
  • Intellectual disorders
  • Anxiety or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Personality and impulse-control disorders
  • Dementia
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Huntington disease
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders
  • Eating disorders
  • Stress or trauma-related disorders

Musculoskeletal Disorders

Veterans are more likely than non-veterans to develop musculoskeletal disorders that impair their mobility and limit their ability to work. Musculoskeletal disorders affect muscles, bones, and joints.

In order to qualify for veterans’ disability benefits, the disorder must cause “major dysfunction.” The disorder itself can result from any cause, such as hereditary, congenital, developmental events, and repetitive trauma.

Eligible disorders under this category include:

  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Vertebral fracture
  • Arthritis
  • Amputation
  • Major fractures, such as the femur, tibia, pelvis or the tarsal bones
  • Soft tissue injury

Neurological Disorders

Neurological disorders affect the nervous system, which is responsible for sending and receiving messages throughout the brain and body. In order to qualify for veterans disability benefits, the limitations resulting from a neurological disease are evaluated by both medical and nonmedical evidence.

In most cases, limitations caused by a neurological disorder must exist despite treatment and result in a “disorganization of motor function.” This means the disability must result in the inability to stand, balance, or use the upper extremities like hands, fingers, or arms.

Eligible disorders in this category include:

  • Epilepsy
  • Benign brain tumors
  • Parkinsonian syndrome
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
  • Coma or persistent vegetative state

Respiratory Conditions

Exposure to airborne toxins while on active duty, particularly with veterans who served in Afghanistan and the Middle East, may lead to breathing difficulties and respiratory illnesses that begin during active duty or are diagnosed after returning home. Airborne toxins can include pollution, smoke from fires, and chemicals among other hazards.

Illnesses in this category include:

  • Asthma
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Emphysema
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Sleep apnea

Vision or Hearing Loss

Hearing loss, as well as tinnitus (ringing in the ears), is common among veterans. Other veterans may suffer vision loss or other eye-related problems.

Service-connected disability compensation is available for eye and ear problems. This category covers vision, speech, and auditory impairments.

Eligible disorders include:

Conditions Worsened by Military Service

While the VA can deny benefits for conditions that existed prior to a person enlisting in the U.S. Armed Forces, it may also grant benefits for individuals whose conditions were aggravated by their military service.

You are not required to work with an attorney to apply for veterans disability benefits, but doing so has advantages.

The first step in these cases is establishing that your condition existed prior to service. This will likely be noted in your military entrance documentation, but if not it may be necessary to track down medical records from prior doctor or hospital visits.

Next, it must be demonstrated that your condition worsened due to active duty and not simply because of the natural progression of the injury or illness. For example, if the VA can prove that your condition would have grown worse even if you weren’t serving, it can deny benefits.

Contact an Experienced Disability Lawyer Today

Although you are not required to work with a lawyer when applying for veterans disability benefits or appealing a denied claim, doing so has advantages.

The Law Offices of Michael Hartup handles only disability cases. Tennessee disability attorney Michael Hartup understands the VA benefits process, and he has extensive experience helping disabled veterans get the financial help they need and deserve.

At the Law Offices of Michael Hartup we can help you file your initial application for benefits, or guide you through the appeals process if you believe your claim was wrongfully denied. The VA benefits process can be confusing, and many disabled veterans who otherwise have qualifying disabilities are denied due to simple mistakes in their applications.

To learn how we may be able to help you, please call us today at 731-513-5282 or contact us online for a free consultation. We are proud to serve veterans from the greater Jackson, Tennessee, area.